Introduction

I created this annotated bibliography in accordance with an independent study conducted with Dr. Douglas Veltre, Professor Emeritus, and Dr. Diane Hanson, at the University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA) in the course Anthropology A497: Unangax Materials in Foreign Repositories. This annotated bibliography was created for my own purposes as an undergraduate student at UAA as…

Ivan Pan’kov – An Architect of Aleut Literacy

Black, L. T. (1977). Ivan Pan’kov – an architect of Aleut literacy. Arctic Anthropology, 14(1), 94-107. This paper is about Ivan Pan’kov, an Unangax chief of Tigalda, who was a leader in the movement to encourage literacy among Aleuts in their language through Russian Orthodoxy, since “the Orthodox Church became a vehicle for maintenance of group identity…

Atka: An Ethnography of the Western Aleutians

Black, L. (1984). Atka: An ethnography of the western Aleutians. Kingston, Ontario: Limestone Press. In this book Black explains and identifies the many foreign compilations of primary sources that make up the majority of firsthand accounts of contact with the Unangax of the Aleutian Islands. Black explains which sources are useful and which are not…

Fusion of Cultures and Meeting of the Frontiers: In Memory of Ordinary People

Black, L. (2002). Fusion of cultures and meeting of the frontiers: In memory of ordinary people. Kodiak, AK: St. Herman’s Theological Seminary. This article depicts the exploitation of Aleuts for Russian advancement and advocacy in the Aleutian Islands. Black describes the manner in which the Russians gained compliance and domination in the Aleutians in this…

Russians in Alaska 1732-1867

Black, L. T. (2004). Russians in Alaska 1732-1867. Fairbanks, AK: University of Alaska Press. Black (2004) offers a historical outline of Russians in Alaska during the Russian period from primary sources and Russian historical documents. Russians in Alaska is useful in pointing out primary sources and documentation for research on the Unangax people. Black’s (2004) focus…

A Russian Scientific Expedition to California and Alaska, 1839-1849

Blomkvist, E. E. (1972). A Russian scientific expedition to California and Alaska, 1839-1849: The drawings of I. G. Voznesenskii. (B. Dmytryshyn & E. A. P. Crownhart- Vaughan, Trans). Oregon Historical Quarterly 73(2): 100-170. This book is a compilation and evaluation of the drawings that Ilia Gavrilovich Voznesenskii made in the 1840s during the Russian occupation…

The Creoles of Russian America

Blumlo, D. J. (2010). The creoles of Russian America. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations Publishing. (3462275). Blumlo discusses the identity issues associated with being a “Creole,” or half Russian and half Alaska Native, in Russian America in his dissertation. He explains that sometimes Creoles would identify as Russian due to the social status and recognition…

Russian Penetration of the North Pacific Ocean, 1700-1797: A Documentary Record

Dmytryshyn, B., Crownhart-Vaughan, E. A. P., & Vaughan, T. (1988). Russian penetration of the North Pacific Ocean, 1700-1797: A documentary record. Portland, OR: Oregon Historical Society. Dmytryshyn provides a lengthy compilation of Russian documents translated into English during the Russian period, with several primary source descriptions of first contact between Russians and the Unangax. The emphasis…

The Russian Population in Alaska and California, the late 18th Century-1867

Fedorova, S. G. (1973). The Russian population in Alaska and California, late 18th century- 1867. (R. A. Pierce & A. S. Donnelly, Eds., Trans.). Kingston, Ontario: Limestone Press. Fedorova describes the activities of the Russians in the Aleutian Islands and their interactions with the Unangax population during the Russian period. Fedorova researched which explorers were…

Imperial Russia in Frontier America

Gibson, J. (1976). Imperial Russia in frontier America: The changing geography of supply of Russian America, 1784-1867. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Gibson emphasizes the manner in which Russian occupation progressed in Alaska and explained the different changes over time. In the first phase of exploration and hunting furs (1743-1799), the Russian fur trade…

The End of Russian America: Captain P.N. Golovin’s Last Report, 1862

Golovin, P. N. (1979). The end of Russian America: Captain P. N. Golovin’s last report, 1862. (B. Dmytryshyn & E. A. P. Crownhart-Vaughan, Trans.). Portland, OR: Oregon Historical Society. Golovin provides a detailed accounted of the end of Russian colonization in Alaska with descriptions of Unangax life during the middle of the 19th Century, after the…

Essays on the Ethnography of the Aleuts

Liapunova, R. G.(1996). Essays on the ethnography of the Aleuts: At the end of the eighteenth and the first half of the nineteenth century. W. B. Workman & L. T. Black (Eds.). (J. Shelest, Trans.). Fairbanks, AK: University of Alaska Press. Liapunova provides a series of essays about the Unangax “based on studies of museum collections,…